The development of building technologies over the centuries has been a key factor in the progress of humanity. From the first civilizations that discovered how to use mud bricks to create rudimentary dwellings, to the advanced engineering processes used to build today's skyscrapers, mankind has always sought to develop more efficient ways to create lasting structures.
The complex of activities relating to the construction of buildings of all kinds, from the design and construction of individual buildings and finishing works to planning for the construction of a city, falls under the umbrella of building technology and construction techniques.
Each construction is a building object but at the same time it is an architectural work. The term building includes construction materials and techniques, whereas architecture is the realization through the use of these materials and techniques of a new space, that we shall call architectural. Thus, architecture through construction creates new envelopes, new environments, more generically the built environment.
One of the oldest building technologies still widely used today is masonry. It involves laying stones or other materials, such as brick or concrete, to form strong and durable walls and arches. Carpentry is another ancient building technology which involves cutting, shaping, joining and finishing wood and other materials such as plastic or metal into useful objects or structures. While carpentry is mostly used in residential buildings, it has also been employed in the construction of commercial buildings such as shopping malls, office buildings, stadiums, and amusement parks.
Advances in building technologies have dramatically improved our ability to build structures faster and stronger than ever before.
In this section we will talk a lot about building technology, new building technologies on the market with technical focus on the various parts that make up a building. From the construction of internal structures and partitions, passing through thermal and acoustic insulation to renewable sources for the energy supply of buildings.