Building technology

Building technology

The complex of activities relating to the construction of buildings of all kinds, from the design and construction of individual buildings and finishing works to planning for the construction of a city, falls under the umbrella of building technology and construction techniques.

Each construction is a building object but at the same time it is an architectural work. The term building includes construction materials and techniques, whereas architecture is the realization through the use of these materials and techniques of a new space, that we shall call architectural. Thus, architecture through construction creates new envelopes, new environments, more generically the built environment.

In this section we will talk a lot about building technology, new building technologies on the market with technical focus on the various parts that make up a building. From the construction of internal structures and partitions, passing through thermal and acoustic insulation to renewable sources for the energy supply of buildings.

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Thermal insulation

Thermal insulation is a type of building technology which plays a very important role in a home: if optimized, it gives greater living comfort, helps to reduce polluting emissions and leads to significant energy savings. Insulating means saving energy and guaranteeing internal comfort by choosing the right material and the best technique. There are several materials that can be used for this purpose: expanded polyethylene, autoclaved aerated concrete, glass wool, up to radically eco-friendly choices such as natural cork.

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Soundproofing

The purpose of acoustic insulation is to protect humans from noise by attenuating or eliminating their perception of sound. This type of building technology makes it possible to hinder the transmission of sound energy from one environment to another by interposing a physical means of separation between the two. Here, too, the choice of materials is wide: materials based on expanded polymers, rock wool, autoclaved aerated concrete, chipboards.

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Structures, floors, walls

Structures, floors and walls are the skeleton of a building and allow it to be supported and divided and distributed vertically and horizontally. Thanks to technological and scientific evolution, and obviously to the progress of building technologies, it has been possible to obtain ever more performing and resistant types of floors, walls and structures. The latest building technologies make it possible to make floors and walls significantly lighter, combining thermal and acoustic insulation and anti-seismic performance.

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Renewable energies

Energy saving and sustainability, in addition to a goal, are also a source of stimulus for architects and engineers. An example is the constant search for innovation and integration in the architectures of systems for renewable energy such as solar thermal, solar photovoltaic and geothermal. This type of building technologies, combined with materials for thermal insulation, give a strong green imprint to the entire construction sector.

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Floors and walls

Floors and coverings are fundamental elements for the stylistic definition of an environment. In addition to helping to ensure the desired aesthetic result, these elements must also have some technical characteristics such as resistance, durability, but also thermal insulation and resistance to humidity in the case of interior floors and walls.