Roofing materials in architecture are fundamental to any building; they not only perform the task of protecting the internal space from bad weather, but also contribute to the aesthetics of the structure.
Once only natural materials such as straw or clay were used, contemporary roofing can now be made from a variety of different materials, including steel, concrete and wooden shingles. They can be designed to show a high level of detail with ornate floral motifs or painted in various color paints for a more modern look. Additionally, modern structures may also have integrated photovoltaic tiles to enable buildings to generate clean, renewable energy.
One of the major concerns in designing roofs in architecture is ensuring they have an adequate degree of waterproofing. This means making sure that rainwater does not seep through the roof and cause damage to the structure or its internal components. Consequently, the materials used must be resistant to water and also suitable for local climatic conditions; these characteristics are carefully examined before a specific type is selected to make the building roof.
Furthermore, the shape of the roof will also influence the thermal insulation of the interior space and it is important to consider this during the design phase.
Modern roofing materials must combine two very important and interconnected aspects: durability and sustainability.