Structures, floors and walls
Structures, floors and walls are the skeleton of a building and allow it to be supported and divided and distributed vertically and horizontally. Thanks to technological and scientific evolution, and obviously to the progress of building technologies, it has been possible to obtain ever more performing and resistant types of floors, walls and structures. The latest building technologies make it possible to make floors and walls significantly lighter, combining thermal and acoustic insulation and anti-seismic performance.
Structures, floors and walls are essential elements of any building. Without these construction components, buildings would not have the strength necessary to support the weight of furniture, water or people. The design of such structures is a complex and important task which must be performed by experienced architects with the use of accurate calculation systems.
The structures are usually made with materials such as metals, wood or reinforced concrete. Each of these materials has different characteristics and properties that must be evaluated before deciding which material to use for the desired structure. Furthermore, also considering the environmental conditions in the area where the structure will be installed is essential to ensure its operational efficiency.
A floor is a fundamental element in any building as it provides the basis on which to further build the components of the building. It can be made with different types of material such as solid wood or chipboard, ceramic tiles or marble flooring. It is usually calculated on the basis of the weight it will have to bear in the building and the distribution of the load on the surface of the attic itself.
The walls of the buildings have different functions: internal partitions to separate different environments; external partitions to thermally insulate the internal environments from the outside; carriers to transmit loads vertically to the ground giving it stability; aesthetics to give beauty to the building; etc.. They can be made with ceramic tiles, refractory bricks, traditional and synthetic plaster. In both cases, all the walls must respect certain dimensional and aesthetic parameters which must be defined in the initial design of the building.
Thanks to technological and scientific evolution, and obviously to the progress of construction techniques, it has been possible to obtain increasingly high-performance and resistant types of floors, walls and structures. The latest building technologies make it possible to make floors and walls significantly lighter, combining thermo-acoustic insulation and anti-seismic performance.